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Microscopic Spine Surgery - Best Neurosurgeon and Neurologist in Bangalore | Dr.Venugopal

Microscopic Spine Surgery

Surgery on Spine may be recommended for many reasons, the most common of which are:

  • To alleviate pain
  • To restore lost function
  • To correct instability
  • To correct deformity
  • To improve quality of life
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STENOSIS: When a disc degenerates and flattens, vertebrae can slip back and forth. This can cause bone spurs and/or soft tissue buildup around the exit points for the nerves, or “spinal stenosis.” Stenosis results in pressure on the nerve roots, causing pain, numbness, or weakness.

Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis is the forward displacement of a vertebra, often resulting in back pain, numbness, or weakness of one or both legs. Another common symptom of this condition is sciatica, which is a pain that radiates from the buttocks down the leg. Additionally, a patient may suffer from the symptoms of spinal stenosis.

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Bulging Disc: For most people, this is a normal part of the aging process; however, in certain cases, a bulging disc can contribute to spinal stenosis.

Ruptured or Herniated Disc: Pressure causes the outer ring of the disc to rupture and the soft center to squeeze through. This compresses and irritates the spinal nerve root..

Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD): This represents a natural part of the aging process. A person may have DDD and have no symptoms. In certain individuals, DDD can cause back pain, instability, or spinal stenosis.

Degenerative Scoliosis: Scoliosis is curvature of the spine. “Degenerative” scoliosis develops when the discs narrow assymetrically. This causes the spinal column to collapse more to one side, resulting in curvature.

Ruptured or Herniated Disc: Pressure causes the outer ring of the disc to rupture and the soft center to squeeze through. This compresses and irritates the spinal nerve root..

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Are minimally invasive procedures performed to treat vertebral compression fractures (VCF) of the spine, These painful, wedge-shaped fractures can be caused by osteoporosis, spinal tumors, or injury. If left untreated, they can lead to a humped spine (Kyphosis). By restoring the vertebra height with a balloon and injecting cement into the fractured bone, patients can recover faster and reduce the risk of future fractures.

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The use of navigation is used in certain spinal surgeries. This state-of- the-art technology provides Neurosurgeon with real-time guidance in placing implants and hardware in the spine where visibility with the human eye may be challenging.

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In navigation-assisted surgery, images from an intra-operative CT (the O-Arm) are downloaded into the navigation computer, and through the use of specialized software, are used to build a virtual, 3-D model of your spine. This 3-D model acts like a blueprint to guide the Neurosurgeon in the placement of spinal hardware. During surgery, the Neurosurgeon matches actual spine to the computer’s virtual model displayed on the monitor in the operating room. Much like a GPS system in an automobile, Neurosurgeon can track in real time the position of surgical instruments and implants in relation to your true anatomy

Percutaneous pedicle screw ftxation is a minimally-invasive surgical technique that your surgeon may use during your spinal fusion surgery to attach stabilizing metal rods to vertebrae. The procedure gets its name from the placement, or ftxation, of the screws for these rods in the part of the vertebra known as the pedicle..

At the start of a percutaneous pedicle screw ftxation procedure, your surgeon will use live X-ray imagery, known as fluoroscopy, to locate the pedicles on neighboring vertebrae in your spine. Next, your surgeon will make small incisions in your back on both sides of your spinal column, using these openings to insert small metal rods that run between the vertebrae and are attached to them at each end by screws anchored into the targeted pedicles.

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